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Few people realize how fast their eyesight deteriorates. As we age, a number of eye
problems are also likely to occur – blurry vision, floaters, cataract, glaucoma and
age-related macular degeneration are some of the most common eye diseases associated
with aging. Regular eye check-ups can help you detect many eye disorders in their
early stages, and prevent vision loss.
What Are Some Common Eye Problems in Older People?
Floaters are small, dark, spots and marks floating across your field of vision. They
are usually harmless, but if the floaters change or you suddenly experience bright
flashing lights at the same time, seek medical attention immediately. It may indicate
a retinal tear or retinal detachment.
Floaters are also warning signs of more severe eye problems, including eye melanoma,
and eye cancer.
Cataracts cause your vision to become cloudy, blurry or dim. They affect 71% of people
over 85 years but may not be noticed until they're quite serious.
Although cataracts develop due to natural aging of the body, it can also occur in
people who may have underlying health problems such as diabetics, and in those taking
medication such as steroids.
Cataracts can’t be managed by drugs, and surgery is the only effective solution.
It involves removing the clouded lens and possibly replacing it with a clear lens
Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness it the world; it is caused by an elevated
fluid pressure in the eye. If left untreated, the retina and nerves become damaged
and vision deteriorates. You may also notice pain and redness, with certain types
of glaucoma. There are many reasons why pressure builds, some of are hereditary.
Depending on the type of glaucoma, treatment may include medication, usually prescription
eye drops, or surgery to help fluid in the eye to drain correctly and prevent further
damage to the optic nerve.
4. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMG)
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AM)is a change in the center of the eye (macular)
causing slow loss of central vision. When AMD occurs, day-to-day activities such
as reading, driving and even recognizing faces are affected.
There is no cure for age-related macular degeneration, but treatments may prevent
severe vision loss or slow its progression.
How to Improve and Strengthen Your Eyesight
1. Make sure you’ve good lighting in your home to avoid eye strain. Generally, you
need brighter lighting as you get older. Move your computer screen to just below
eye level. Your eyes will close slightly when you're staring at the computer, minimizing
fluid evaporation and the risk of dry eye syndrome.
Also, look up and away from your computer or book to some distant point for 30 seconds.
This helps prevent eye fatigue and eyestrain.
2. Reduce the amount of sugar or sweetener in your diet. Sugar as well as foods high
in simple carbs can cause poor eyesight.
On the other hand, blueberries as well as bilberries helps improve vision. Blueberries
are one of the richest fruit forms of antioxidants, and a study found that women
and men who ate the most amount of blueberries were the least likely to develop age-related
3. Walk at least 4 times a week. Some evidence shows that regular exercise can reduce
the intraocular pressure, or IOP, in people with glaucoma.
If you find your vision is deteriorating, it’s important to visit your doctor or
local eye hospital, and have the age-related eye disease treated early. Prolonged
vision problems can lead to severe visual loss, if not blindness.